L-19 Birddog

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Cessna L-19 Bird Dog, a military version of the Cessna 170, was used by the United States Air Force, Army and Marines. It was developed as the winner of a 1950 competition for a new two-seat, single-engine observation plane.

The Defense Department ordered 3,200 L-19s that were built between 1950 and 1959. The planes were used in various utility roles such as artillery spotting, front-line communications, medevac and training. During the Vietnam War, the planes were used for reconnaissance and forward air control.

It received the name of "Bird Dog" as a result of a contest held with Cessna employees to name the aircraft. The winning contestant was Jack A. Swayze, an industrial photographer. The name was chosen because of its indication of the reconnaissance mission of the aircraft, as well as its indication of reliability and friendliness.

The aircraft were re-designated in 1962 to the O-1, and were eventually replaced by the O-2 Skymaster in the Air Force and it continued service in the Army until the conclusion of the Vietnam War.

In Canada, the Royal Canadian Air Cadets also use L-19 aircraft equipped with a towing rig to tow their Schweizer 2-33 gliders for the Air Cadet gliding program.
Specifications -

General characteristics
    * Crew: 2 - pilot and observer
    * Length: 25.83 ft (7.87 m)
    * Wingspan: 36 ft (10.97 m)
    * Height: 9.17 (2.79 m)
    * Wing area: 173.94 (16.16 m)
    * Empty weight: 1,614 lb (732 kg)
    * Loaded weight: 2,400 lb (1,00 kg)
    * Powerplant: 1× One Continental O-470, 213 hp (159 kW)

    * Never exceed speed: 150 mph/241.4 km/h
    * Combat Range: 530 mi/853 km
    * Service ceiling: 20,300 ft/6,200 m
    * Rate of climb: 1,040 ft/min or 317 m/min